By Colleen Payne
Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa (Veolia), leading water and wastewater subsidiary of Veolia Water, was recently contracted by a global engineering, procurement and construction management company to design, fabricate and supply a brackish water treatment plant for the second phase of a mine in Mauritania, Northwest Africa. In terms of the contract, 62,5 cubic metres per hour of reverse osmosis (RO) permeate will be supplied to the process plant.
“This project posed a few challenges that required innovative solutions. Its remote location in a very harsh desert environment brings climatic challenges. The client also had high level specifications, such as all motor-driven equipment being rated for high and premium energy efficiency,” explains André Loots, Project Engineer, Veolia. To fulfil this requirement, Veolia included optimum energy efficiency in the design for the motor- driven equipment.
As part of its continuous drive to add more value for its customers, Veolia provided all documentation in English and French. A French process engineer was co-opted to be part of the team in terms of Veolia’s international exchange programme to provide assistance with this aspect of the contract.
The treatment process starts with the feed of raw water from boreholes on-site. This water is pumped to the multimedia filters with feed pumps to undergo pre-filtration. Then the water is pumped into a filtered water tank, before being sent through a set of plate heat exchangers. This step is necessary due to the high ambient temperatures of the area, which can see the water reaching temperatures as high as 50°C. Before reverse osmosis (RO) treatment can commence, the water temperature needs to be brought down to a maximum of 30°C. This temperature reduction is achieved through a cooling system, consisting of two air-cooled chiller systems, each with a plate heat exchanger at the process interface.
After the water has been cooled down sufficiently, it is treated in the duplex RO system. From there, the desalinated water is pumped to two desalinated water storage tanks outside the building, ready for distribution to the plant as process water for industrial usage.
Veolia supplied, among other equipment, 22 skid-mounted pumps, ranging from vertical centrifugal and centrifugal end suction pumps, to high pressure sleeved pumps. The plant is also equipped with an air compressor set to provide instrument air for the automation of equipment. The two chillers, each with a plate heat exchanger, were purposely sourced from a supplier, who is experienced in dealing with high ambient temperatures and similar harsh operating conditions.
Other equipment that was supplied includes five chemical dosing stations, a 100 cubic metre filtered water tank, and three large multimedia filters. For ease of transportation and installation, the pump sets, heat exchangers, dosing stations and air compressors are all provided in pre-fabricated skid frames.
The plant is due for commissioning towards the start of 2013. Veolia has offered assistance in the form of supervision during the installation and commissioning phases to ensure that they are carried out according to specified procedure. In addition, Veolia has assumed responsibility to ensure that operators receive the necessary training.
Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies, subsidiary of Veolia Water, is a leading design & build company and a specialized provider of technological solutions in water treatment. With 10,767 employees, Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies recorded revenue of €2.315 billion in 2011. www.veoliawaterst.com
Veolia Water, the water division of Veolia Environnement, is the world leader in water and wastewater services. Specialised in outsourcing services for municipal authorities, as well as industrial and service companies, it is also one of the world’s major designers of technological solutions and constructor of facilities needed in water and wastewater services. With 96,651 employees in 69 countries, Veolia Water provides water service to 103 million people and wastewater service to 73 million. Its 2011 revenue amounted to €12.617 billion. www.veoliawaterst.com
Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa (Pty) Ltd
Tel: 011 663 3600
Fax: 011 608 4772