The race to the Local Government Elections has meant that all political parties have campaigned intensely. The outcome is that on the 30 July, the Democratic Alliance has a rally in Dobsonville in Soweto. Soweto is the largest township in South Africa and the township is part of the fabric for struggle for liberation. The township was regarded as a temporary dwelling place for Blacks, as Blacks were not regarded as permanent residents of urban areas.
Johanneburg, being the economic centre of the country, would naturally attract inward migration from all corners of South Africa. This resulted in Soweto being home for to millions of Black South African that sought refuge in search of the elusive gold. Soweto would be home to two of the four Nobel Peace Prize winners, namely former President Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. It is for this reason, that almost all Black South Africans can claim to have a family or relative that lives in Soweto. The cowardly acts of state sponsored gangsterism on the 16 June 1976, resulted in the deaths of many students that faced the barrel of the gun protesting against Afrikaans. The world was shocked by the events of June 16, and the world was once again reminded that the apartheid was a crime against humanity as declared by the United Nations.
The scars of apartheid have been used to be promote tourism, as Soweto is the hub of the township tourism economy. Tourism has created labour intensive jobs in Soweto and was the thesis for motivating the Gauteng Provincial Government led by Premier David Makhura to lead a township economy revitalisation programme. Soweto is experiencing inward investments that seek to capitalise on the stream of tourists, today Soweto has backpacker establishments and even a hotel.
Soweto is fertile with opportunities and government has continued to support the tourism sector through the provision of the necessary infrastructure that has created an enabling environment for business to flourish. The biggest beneficiaries of the tourism economy are the residents of Soweto, who share the infrastructure created to benefit the residents and the tourists. Soweto is home to two of the biggest soccer teams, Orlando Pirates that produced legends such as Kaizer Motaung, who today owns Kaizer Chiefs.
The Carling Black Label Cup is a pre-season tournament between these two soccer rivals, which has managed to engage fans creatively by allowing them the ability to determine the starting line-up of their teams. The tickets of the Carling Black Label Cup are always sold out, and television viewership is always high. When the Soweto derby starts, the country is divided along soccer lines, as the rivalry between the two teams is intense. The derby occurs at FNB Stadium, which is regarded as the national stadium, created in the image of a calabash, which hosted the opening ceremony and closing ceremony of the FIFA 2010 World Cup, the first on African soil. The tourism economy of greater Johannesburg has benefited immensely from the arrivals of thousands of fans that kept the economy smiling all the way to the bank.
On the 31 July 2016 the oldest liberation movement in Africa, the African National Congress hosted their Siyanqoba Rally at Ellis Park. The pulling power of the ANC is perennial because it is a mass democratic movement. The ANC in Gauteng launched its manifesto at the 85 000 seater FNB stadium on the 04 June, filling the stadium to the rafters and winning an important psychological battle in the run up to the local government elections.
Ellis Park is the stadium that hosted the historic victory of the Springboks during the 1995 IRB Rugby World Cup, against the All Blacks. The Siyanqoba Rally by the ANC will bring in thousands of supporters that will be have wallets to spend to benefit the economy of Johannesburg. The decline of the production economy of mining, means that the consumption economy of tourism, is now the new gold. Tourism will continue to grow as the number economic sector that will drive the economy of Johannesburg. Events that occurred during the weekend have pulling power that has attracted thousands of visitors. Johannesburg benefitted from these events and the future is firmly tourism. Much more needs to be done to promote tourism that can create the jobs that mining has been consistent in cutting. Promoting domestic tourism will ensure that the economy is saved from a recession.
Unathi Sonwabile Henama is a tourism expert and writes in his personal capacity.