Since December 2013, some areas in South Sudan (including South Equatoria) has remained quiet stable following the beginning of the crisis. However, these areas are now threatened with fights among armed groups in the country. This has caused continuous movement of civilians in a quest to find more secured locations.
Statistics have it that, in the past two months, over 80,000 people have been displaced in Wau and 12,000 in Juba alone while other movements are very rapid in areas such as Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western Equatoria and Unity.
In other parts, like Yei, there have been reports of violence and harassment against civilians and disruptions in the delivery of aid supplies which is affecting the rate of movement. John McCue, IOM Head of Operations – South Sudan, mentioned that it is clear that needs for inhabitants in these areas are continuously growing, however, access constraints are making it more difficult for humanitarians to access vulnerable people.
In Leer, Unity, insecurity has forced civilians to seek protection in nearby islands, while others have reportedly moved south or reached the UN protection of civilian’s site in Bentiu. These patterns of movement in central Unity may increase as insecurity persists.
On record, over 1.6 million people are internally displaced across South Sudan and an additional 786,000 people leaving the country to neighboring countries since December 2013 with about 3 million people in the country in need of relief aid.
Earlier this month, IOM joined a UN Security Council to discover direct needs of displaced locations in Wau since the fighting in June. IOM and other humanitarian agencies are providing lifesaving aid at displacement sites across Wau town, IOM has regained access to Ngisa in southern Wau and is delivering essential medicines and evaluate health and water needs. IOM has received reports of people returning to parts of Wau town, which may be a response to improved security in the area or a result of limited access to relief services in areas outside of the town.