CFTA Modalities on Goods and Services Adopted in Niamey

The sixth meeting of the Continental Free Trade Area Negotiating Forum (CFTA-NF) was held from the 5th to 10th of June 2017, in Niamey, Niger, followed by the third meeting of the Senior Trade Officials (STO) and the African Ministers of Trade (AMOT) from 12th to 14th and 15th to 16th June 2017 respectively.

The meeting was co-organized by the African Union Commission (AUC) and the Government of Niger.

Mahamadou Issoufou, President of the Republic of Niger, who is the African Union Champion for the CFTA, in a stirring opening address to the AMOT invoked Kwame Nkrumah’s vision of Pan-Africanism and cooperation, noting that the CFTA will enable African economies to overcome the limitations of small fragmented markets in a single economic space.

The CFTA will create a market of over a billion people with an aggregate GDP of close to US $4 trillion. Industrial development is only possible if Africa’s markets are viable, the President said, declaring “Africa must unite”.

Other speakers at the opening ceremony, including the AU Trade and Industry Commissioner, Albert Muchanga and South African Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies, echoed the same views.

Commissioner Muchanga noted that the CFTA will stimulate investment flows and the development of supply chains across the continent. But trade liberalization must also be accompanied by infrastructure development, improved trade facilitation and efforts to overcome non-tariff barriers, he emphasized.

For his part, Minister Davies said the CFTA is integral to Africa’s “development regionalism” as a key pillar of structural transformation in an era of rapid technological change.

The preceding technical discussions in the CFTA-NF and the STO paved the way for the AMOT to adopt the CFTA modalities or framework for goods and services liberalization.

For the liberalization of trade in goods, it was agreed to liberalize 90 per cent of tariff lines with flexibility accorded in the remaining 10 per cent for sensitive and excluded products.  Further disciplines will be established through negotiations for the timeframe for liberalization, qualifications for sensitive products, and for a method to review excluded products.

The modalities for services encompass a common positive list approach for progressive services liberalization. The priority sectors for liberalization will be determined without any prior exclusion of any service sector or supply mode.

The African Trade Policy Centre (ATPC) at the ECA helped to facilitate the goods modalities discussion through three technical presentations that highlighted the problem of nuisance tariffs, that is tariffs that are fairly low and generate little revenue; the risk associated with sensitive and excluded products in cases where trade is highly concentrated in these products; and the expected impact of exclusions.

Following the adoption of the modalities, further work is envisaged to establish the new tariff schedules, to apply the disciplines on excluded and sensitive products, and on the terms of services liberalization in the priority sectors.  The remaining CFTA agenda also includes work on a draft text to establish commitments in a range of disciplines including rules of origin, trade remedies, customs cooperation and trade facilitation. Additional meetings have been scheduled to conclude this work by the end of the year which is the deadline set by the AU Summit for the conclusion of the CFTA negotiations.

In addition, to the milestone that was reached in the adoption of the CFTA modalities, the ATPC facilitated STO and AMOT discussions of the issues under consideration for the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference (MC 11), to be held in Buenos Aires in December this year. The forthcoming mid-term review of the US-Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) to be held in Lome in August was also discussed.

Source: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA).

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