Posted on 24 April 2013 by Africa Business
Posted on 22 April 2013 by Africa Business
The Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group – born in early 2012 – is one of the world’s largest and most dynamic hotel groups. The portfolio of the Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group includes more than 1,300 hotels, a global footprint spanning 80 countries, a powerful set of global brands (Radisson Blu, Radisson®, Country Inns & Suites by CarlsonSM, Park Inn by Radisson, Hotel Missoni and Park Plaza®). In most of the group’s hotels, guests can benefit from the loyalty program Club Carlson, one of the most rewarding loyalty programs in the world. The Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group and its brands employ more than 80,000 people. The Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group is headquartered in Minneapolis, USA, and Brussels, Belgium. http://www.carlsonrezidor.com; http://www.rezidor.com
The Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group, one of the fastest growing hotel companies worldwide, announces their 49th hotel deal in Africa: The Radisson Blu Hotel, Port Harcourt Olympia in Nigeria is scheduled to open in 2016 and will add a further 206 rooms to Rezidor’s portfolio of 11,000 rooms on the continent.
“This announcement brings the total number to eight hotels which the Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group operates and has under development in Nigeria. The success of the Radisson Blu Lagos illustrates the increasingly high demand for world class hospitality in Africa’s second largest economy,” comments Andrew McLachlan, Vice President Business Development Africa & Indian Ocean Islands.
“The new Radisson Blu Hotel, Port Harcourt Olympia complements the existing Radisson Blu Anchorage Hotel in Lagos; the up and coming Radisson Blu Hotel in Abuja, and the Park Inn properties by Radisson in Lagos, Apapa, Ikeja, Abeoukuta and Abuja. Nigeria is a key development market for Rezidor – the group will be the first international operator to provide world-class hotel standards in the three major financial hubs of Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt”, McLachlan adds.
Opposite the Port Harcourt Club 1928 Golf course and offering spectacular views over the fairways and greens, the Radisson Blu hotel site is located in the southern part of the city in the less congested old Government Reserve Area. Besides 206 guest rooms all featuring Radisson Blu signature services such as free high speed internet access, the hotel will also offer an all-day dining restaurant, a specialty restaurant & bar, and the largest conference facilities within the Niger Delta, with 2,100 square metres of conference and meeting space. Additionally there will be a gym, spa, outdoor swimming pool, business centre and rooftop bar & terrace.
Port Harcourt is the economic hub of the Niger Delta and the capital of Rivers State, one of Nigeria’s richest states due its large crude oil and natural gas deposits. It is home to major oil companies, banking institutions and government agencies. Hotel room supply in the city has not grown for several years, and the Radisson Blu business and conference hotel will benefit from being the most modern internationally branded property in the city.
“With no significant increase in hotel room supply in Port Harcourt since 2006, we feel the time is ripe to establish a Radisson Blu in Port Harcourt for the business traveler,” remarks McLachlan, “Carlson Rezidor has the largest pipeline of rooms under development in sub-Saharan Africa. This signing further strengthens our leading position and underlines the importance Nigeria has for our group”.
Posted on 07 March 2013 by The African Press Organization
Contrairement à ce qui a été annoncé par erreur dans le communiqué précédent, l’événement s’est déroulé au NIGERIA et non au NIGER
Atlantic Energy (http://www.atlanticenergy.com) est un groupe privé pétrolier et gazier intervenant en amont du secteur, créé par des cadres nigériens et internationaux spécialisés dans l’exploration et la production (E&P) et dotés d’une expérience prouvée dans le secteur nigérian de l’E&P. La société travaille actuellement au Nigéria et elle continuera d’honorer son engagement consistant à développer le pays et ses abondantes ressources naturelles, par le biais de son développement énergétique et de ses infrastructures.
LAGOS, Nigeria /African Press Organization (APO)/ – CORRECTION/ Contrairement à ce qui a été annoncé par erreur dans le communiqué précédent, l’événement s’est déroulé au NIGERIA et non au NIGER.
Il fallait donc lire :
Atlantic Energy (http://www.atlanticenergy.com) était un sponsor Platinum lors de la récente 13e Conférence nigériane sur le pétrole et le gaz, un des plus importants rassemblements du secteur en Afrique. La conférence s’est tenue à Abuja et a réuni plus de 1 000 délégués de haut niveau, nationaux et internationaux, issus de l’ensemble des secteurs (amont, intermédiaire et aval) de l’industrie pétrolière et gazière.
Parmi les participants à la conférence, on peut citer le ministre nigérian des Ressources pétrolières, (S.E.) Diezani Alison-Madueke ; la société d’État pétrolière (Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation – NNPC), représentée par le Directeur général du groupe, Andrew Yakubu et par le Directeur délégué du groupe, Exploration et Production, Abiye Membere ; ainsi que des sociétés pétrolières internationales et autochtones, des sociétés de service, et des banques internationales et nigérianes, entre autres.
Le co-Président général d’Atlantic Energy, M. Scott Aitken, y a présidé un groupe de discussion consacré au sujet : Cap sur les indépendants – comment les sociétés autochtones sont en passe de transformer l’industrie pétrolière et gazière nigériane ? Les points clés évoqués ont été les suivants : (1) Créer un environnement favorable visant à encourager les sociétés nigérianes à participer à des opérations et à étendre leurs activités ; (2) Quelles sont les incitations fiscales et réglementaires dont les sociétés autochtones ont besoin ? ; (3) Comment les sociétés autochtones peuvent-elles accéder au savoir-faire technique et aux financements nécessaires pour élargir leur champ d’action ?, et (4) Le processus de désinvestissement des sociétés pétrolières internationales (SPI) au profit des sociétés autochtones : succès et écueils ?
Selon M. Aitken, alors que les SPI représentent environ 90 % de la production au Nigéria, il existe des centaines de gisements terrestres non exploités. Par conséquent, il est nécessaire que davantage de sociétés autochtones, comme Atlantic Energy, participent au développement de l’industrie pétrolière et gazière nigériane.
De même, il a signalé que récemment, le gouvernement nigérian avait chargé Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), un opérateur (filiale détenue à 100 % par la NNPC) qui participe à une alliance stratégique avec Atlantic Energy, de développer toute une série d’actifs de la NPDC, afin d’augmenter de manière drastique sa production de pétrole brut et de gaz naturel.
La production courante de NPDC se situe à 130 000 barils de pétrole par jour (bj)/ L’objectif est d’atteindre 250 000 bj d’ici 2015 et d’augmenter de manière significative l’approvisionnement en gaz national dans le pays, afin d’accroître la production d’énergie et de soutenir les industries manufacturières locales. Grâce à son alliance stratégique avec NPDC, Atlantic Energy aidera la société NDPC à atteindre cet objectif.
Par ailleurs, M. Atken a déclaré qu’une portion significative du gaz naturel commercialisé du Nigéria est transformé en GNL, et que ce gaz naturel ne représentait que 4 % de la consommation énergétique du pays en 2010. Néanmoins, la privatisation du secteur énergétique est en passe d’entraîner une hausse de la demande de gaz, avec une capacité installée de 7000 MW et une capacité cible de 16 000 MW d’ici fin 2013.
M. Aitken a ensuite énoncé les défis auxquels sont confrontées des sociétés comme Atlantic Energy et l’industrie en général. Il a proposé des solutions aux problèmes que posent la vétusté des infrastructures, les terrains marécageux et les terres, les rapports avec les intervenants locaux et les attentes de ces derniers, le caractère multiple des partenaires/les nouveaux modèles et les objectifs ambitieux. Il a indiqué que ces problèmes pouvaient être résolus en ayant recours à une évaluation approfondie et un remplacement/une modernisation graduel(le) des infrastructures, ainsi qu’en encourageant la gestion des marécages et des terres, en évaluant les engagements communautaires et en les actualisant. De même, un ordre de priorités devrait être établi parmi les projets, ainsi que des structures centralisées claires de gestion, avec en particulier, la mise en place de relations solides. Il est nécessaire de mettre en place des procédures accélérées susceptibles d’avoir des résultats rapides, afin d’asseoir un développement accru.
Posted on 06 March 2013 by The African Press Organization
Atlantic Energy (http://www.atlanticenergy.com) is a private upstream oil and gas group founded by Nigerian and international exploration and production (“E&P”) executives with an extensive track record and experience in the Nigerian E&P sector. The company currently operates in Nigeria and will continue in its Enduring Commitment to develop Nigeria and its abundant resources through energy and infrastructural development.
LAGOS, Nigeria, March 6, 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ – Atlantic Energy was a platinum sponsor at the recently concluded 13th Nigerian Oil and Gas conference, one of Africa’s largest oil and gas conference held in Abuja was a gathering of over 1000 national and international senior level delegates from the Upstream, Midstream and Downstream sectors of the oil and gas industry.
Representatives including the Nigerian Minister of Petroleum Resources, H.E. Diezani Alison-Madueke; Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), represented by the Group Managing Director, Andrew Yakubu and Group Executive Director, Exploration & Production, Abiye Membere; International and Indigenous Oil Companies (IOCs), Service Companies; Nigerian and international banks amongst others.
The Co-Chief Executive Officer of Atlantic Energy, Mr. Scott Aitken chaired the panel discussion on the topic: “Focus on Independents – How are Indigenous Companies Transforming the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry? Key points that were discussed included: (1) Creating an enabling environment to encourage Nigerian companies to enter and expand operations; (2) what are the fiscal and regulatory incentives that indigenous companies require? (3) How can indigenous companies access the technical know-how and financing to further their operations? (4) The divestment process from IOCs to indigenous companies successes and pitfalls?
Mr. Aitken noted that while IOCs are responsible for over 90% of production in Nigeria, there are hundreds of undeveloped onshore discoveries, therefore, there is a need for more indigenous companies like Atlantic Energy to join in taking the Nigerian Oil and Gas industry forward.
He also noted that recently, the Nigerian government tasked the Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), an operator (and fully owned subsidiary of the NNPC) who are in a strategic alliance with Atlantic Energy to develop a number of NPDC’s assets to drastically increase its production of crude oil and natural gas.
NPDC has 130,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) of current production with a target of reaching 250,000 bopd by 2015 and significantly increasing the supply of domestic gas to the country to enable an increase in power generation and support local manufacturing industries. Atlantic Energy through its Strategic Alliance with NPDC, will assist NPDC attain this target.
Additionally, he stated that a significant portion of the Nigeria’s marketed natural gas is processed into LNG and this natural gas only constituted 4% of the country’s energy consumption as at 2010; however, the power sector privatization is driving an increased demand for gas, with an installed capacity of 7,000 MW and a target capacity of 16,000 MW by the end of 2013.
Mr. Aitken further stated the challenges facing companies like Atlantic Energy and the wider industry and proffered solutions to the problems raging from old infrastructure, Swamp and land terrain, community stakeholder relationships and expectations, multiple partners/new models, to ambitious targets can be addressed through detailed evaluation and phased infrastructure replacement/upgrade, encouragement of swamp and land terrain asset management, community engagements and updates should be assessed, there should be project prioritization and clear centralization management structures including strong relationship building and there is a need to have fast track solutions to deliver early results to fund further development.
Posted on 18 September 2012 by Africa Business
NEW YORK, Sept., 2012 /PRNewswire/ — Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:
African mobile operators make up to 30% of their revenues with non-voice servicesWherever 3G mobile broadband services are deployed in sub-Saharan Africa, they quickly take over as the preferred means of access to the internet, provided that a suitable backbone network is in place. DSL services offered by national telcos on their typically underdeveloped fixed-line networks are quickly reduced to niche market status, as are most traditional ISPs reselling these services or offering their own wireless access.
The extensive national network infrastructure of the mobile operators and their large user bases for voice services place them in a dominant market position for data services as well. The additional revenue is welcome in an environment of shrinking average revenue per user (ARPU) in the mobile voice market.
In many countries in the region, national fibre backbone networks are being rolled out, and new international submarine fibre optic cables along the continent’s East and West coast are providing the bandwidth needed to connect millions to the internet, at much lower cost than previously when satellites were the only option. In many cases the mobile operators are building their own fibre backbones under converged licensing regimes.
North Africa has traditionally been in a slightly better position in terms of fixed networks, but even here mobile broadband is quickly outgrowing other access methods. Mobile broadband prices are often comparable to fixed broadband offerings or at least not far behind. In Morocco, Africa‘s most penetrated DSL market with some of the lowest prices on the continent, 3G mobile broadband jumped from virtually zero to over 40% of all connections within two years after launch and made up more than 80% by mid-2012.
Using dual carrier DC-HSPA+ technology, up to 42Mb/s are currently being offered by 3G mobile operators in Africa. The continents first commercial LTE 4G networks have been launched in Angola, Namibia, Mauritius and Tanzania, with South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Egypt expected to follow soon. Problems with frequency spectrum allocation have delayed commercial LTE services in some countries.
The arrival of low-cost smartphones, locally manufactured in Ethiopia for example, has lowered the barrier of entry to the internet market for African consumers. South Africas leading operator Vodacom has seen the number of smartphones on its network grow at almost twice the rate of 3G USB modems, reaching a combined total of more than six million or 20% of the subscriber base in early 2012. Average smartphone data usage almost doubled in the past year to reach 92MB per month.The highest number of active mobile broadband subscriptions as a percentage of the population is found in Ghana, at 23% in early 2012.
Mobile broadband and data services also make a significant contribution to the revenues of African cellcos. Leading operator Safaricom in Kenya made almost 30% of its revenue with non-voice services in 2011/12. More than half of this was generated by its tremendously successful M-Pesa mobile banking service, with the other half roughly evenly split between SMS and mobile broadband.
In the continent’s most advanced markets, m-commerce, mobile content, applications and media have reached a level of development that is beginning to foster an associated advertising and marketing industry.
UMTS-based 3G mobile networks have been launched in more than half of all African countries;Most operators have included High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) 3.5G mobile broadband in their service offerings, providing up to 42Mb/s;Commercial LTE 4G services have been launched in four countries, with trials of the technology ongoing in several others;Another 3G technology, CDMA2000 1x EV-DO has been deployed in around 30 African countries, offering up to 3Mb/s;There are significantly more 3G mobile broadband users than DSL subscribers in key African markets;New international fibre optic cables and national backbone networks support broadband growth;African mobile operators make up to 30% of their revenues with non-voice services;Mobile data services have helped to reverse declining average revenue per user (ARPU);The M-Pesa mobile banking service in Kenya carries about 20% of the countrys entire GDP.Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.
1. Mobile Broadband Penetration2. Algeria2.1 Market Overview2.2 Mobile statistics2.3 Regulatory issues2.3.1 Registration of subscriber details2.4 Wireless broadband2.4.1 WiMAX and WiFi2.4.2 EV-DO2.5 Mobile broadband2.6 Broadband via satellite2.7 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 20163. Angola3.1 Market Overview3.1.1 Third generation (3G) mobile data services3.1.2 Satellite mobile3.2 Forecast mobile market – 2013; 20164. Benin4.1 Market Overview4.1.1 Mobile statistics4.1.2 EV-DO4.1.3 WiMAX4.1.4 WiFi4.1.5 3G and 4G5. Botswana5.1 Market Overview5.1.1 Mobile statistics5.2 Wireless broadband5.3 WiMAX5.3.1 Orange Livebox5.3.2 Netspread5.4 Third generation (3G)6. Burkina Faso6.1 Market Overview6.1.1 Mobile statistics6.1.2 EV-DO6.1.3 WiMAX6.1.4 Broadband via satellite6.1.5 Third generation (3G)7. Burundi7.1 Market Overview7.1.1 Mobile statistics8. Cameroon8.1 Market Overview8.1.1 Mobile statistics8.1.2 Wireless broadband8.1.3 Satellite mobile8.2 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 20169. Chad9.1 Market Overview9.1.1 Mobile statistics9.2 Satellite mobile10. Cote d’Ivoire10.1 Market Overview10.1.1 Mobile statistics10.2 WiFi10.3 WiMAX10.4 Mobile data services10.4.1 SMS10.4.2 MMS10.4.3 GPRS/EDGE10.5 Mobile content and applications10.5.1 M-payments10.6 Satellite mobile11. Democratic Republic of Congo11.1 Market Overview11.1.1 Mobile statistics11.1.2 Regulatory issues11.1.3 Mobile data overview12. Djibouti12.1 Market Overview12.1.1 Mobile statistics13. Egypt13.1 Market Overview13.1.1 Telecom Egypt’s mobile deal13.1.2 Third mobile licence13.1.3 Fourth mobile licence13.1.4 Mobile statistics13.2 Regulatory issues13.2.1 Tariffs13.2.2 International gateways13.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)13.2.4 Registration of user details13.2.5 GPS ban13.3 Wireless broadband13.3.1 WiFi13.3.2 WiMAX13.3.3 CDMA2000 1x EV-DO13.4 Broadband via satellite13.5 Mobile data services13.5.1 SMS13.5.2 MMS13.5.3 WAP13.5.4 GPRS and EDGE13.5.5 Mobile TV13.6 3G mobile broadband13.7 Mobile content and applications13.7.1 Mobile banking13.8 Forecasts – mobile subscribers 2013; 201614. Eritrea14.1 Market Overview14.1.1 Mobile statistics15. Ethiopia15.1 Market Overview15.1.1 Mobile statistics15.2 Mobile data services15.3 Third generation (3G)15.4 Mobile banking15.5 Satellite mobile15.6 Local handset manufacturing15.7 Smartphones15.8 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2014; 201716. Gabon16.1 Market Overview16.1.1 Mobile statistics16.2 WiMAX16.3 3G17. Gambia17.1 Market Overview17.1.1 Mobile statistics17.2 Mobile data services17.2.1 SMS17.2.2 MMS17.2.3 GPRS/EDGE17.3 Third generation (3G)17.4 Mobile content and applications17.4.1 Mobile banking17.5 Satellite mobile18. Ghana18.1 Market Overview18.1.1 Mobile statistics18.2 Regulatory issues18.2.1 Licensing18.2.2 Tariffs18.2.3 Interconnect18.2.4 Taxation18.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)18.2.6 Infrastructure sharing18.2.7 Registration of subscriber details18.3 Mobile data services18.3.1 SMS18.3.2 GPRS, EDGE, WAP18.3.3 BlackBerry18.3.4 Mobile TV18.4 Third generation (3G)18.4.1 Mobile broadband18.5 Mobile content and applications18.5.1 Mobile money transfer18.6 Local handset manufacturing18.7 Satellite mobile18.8 Forecast – mobile market 2014; 201719. Guinea19.1 Market Overview19.1.1 Mobile statistics19.2 Mobile Broadband Overview19.2.1 SchoolWeb WiFi Network 19.2.2 VoIP Internet telephony19.3 Mobile data services19.4 Satellite mobile20. Kenya20.1 Market Overview20.1.1 Mobile statistics20.2 Regulatory issues20.2.1 Interconnection20.2.2 International gateways20.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)20.2.4 Quality of Service (QoS) control20.2.5 Registration of subscriber details20.2.6 Taxes20.2.7 Tariff regulation20.3 Wireless broadband20.3.1 WiFi20.3.2 WiMAX20.3.3 Mobile data services20.4 Broadband via satellite20.5 Mobile data services20.5.1 SMS20.5.2 MMS20.5.3 GPRS and EDGE20.5.4 BlackBerry20.6 3G20.7 LTE (4G)20.8 Mobile money transfer, m-banking20.8.1 M-Pesa (Safaricom)20.8.2 ZAP (Zain)20.8.3 yuCash (Essar)20.8.4 Orange Money20.8.5 Other services20.9 Mobile TV20.10 Satellite mobile20.11 Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 201621. Lesotho21.1 Market Overview21.1.1 Mobile statistics21.2 WiMAX21.3 EV-DO21.4 Mobile data services21.5 Third generation (3G) mobile21.6 Satellite mobile22. Liberia22.1 Market Overview22.1.1 Mobile statistics22.2 Regulatory issues22.2.1 Licence reform22.2.2 The Comium-Liberia Act22.2.3 GSM spectrum reallocation22.2.4 Interconnection22.3 Mobile Broadband overview22.4 EV-DO22.5 WiMAX22.6 Mobile data services22.7 Mobile content and applications22.7.1 Agricultural Market Information and Linkage System (AMILS)23. Libya23.1 Market Overview23.1.1 Mobile statistics23.2 Mobile data services23.2.1 SMS23.2.2 MMS23.2.3 GPRS/EDGE23.3 WiMAX23.4 WiFi23.5 Satellite broadband23.6 3G/HSDPA23.7 Mobile TV23.8 Satellite mobile24. Madagascar24.1 Market Overview24.1.1 Mobile statistics24.2 WiMAX24.3 EV-DO24.4 Broadband via satellite24.5 Mobile data services24.6 Third generation (3G)24.7 Mobile money transfer, m-banking24.8 Satellite mobile24.9 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 201625. Malawi25.1 Market Overview25.1.1 Mobile statistics25.2 Wireless broadband25.2.1 Broadmax25.2.2 Skyband25.2.3 Globmax25.2.4 eWiMAX25.3 Mobile data services25.4 Third generation (3G)25.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 201626. Mali26.1 Market Overview26.1.1 Mobile statistics26.2 Third mobile licence26.3 WiMAX26.4 Third generation (3G)26.5 Mobile content and applications26.5.1 M-payments and m-banking27. Mauritius27.1 Market Overview27.1.1 Mobile statistics27.2 WiFi27.3 WiMAX27.3.1 Nomad27.3.2 Other projects27.4 EV-DO27.5 Mobile data services27.6 Third generation (3G)27.7 Mobile broadband pricing27.8 Mobile content and applications27.8.1 Mobile TV27.8.2 Mobile banking27.9 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 201628. Morocco28.1 Market Overview28.2 Mobile statistics28.3 3G mobile broadband28.3.1 Inwi (formerly Wana, Maroc Connect)28.3.2 Meditel28.3.3 Maroc Telecom28.4 Broadband via satellite28.5 Mobile data services28.5.1 SMS28.5.2 MMS28.5.3 GPRS28.5.4 Blackberry28.5.5 Mobile TV28.6 Third-generation (3G) mobile28.6.1 Licensing28.6.2 Services28.7 Mobile payments, m-banking28.8 Satellite mobile29. Mozambique29.1 Market Overview29.2 Mobile statistics29.3 Wireless broadband29.3.1 EV-DO29.3.2 WiMAX29.4 Mobile data services29.5 Third generation (3G)29.6 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 201630. Namibia30.1 Market Overview30.1.1 The long road to Namibia‘s second mobile licence30.1.2 Mobile statistics30.2 Wireless broadband30.3 WiMAX30.4 WiFi30.5 Mobile data services30.5.1 SMS and MMS30.5.2 GPRS/EDGE30.5.3 3G/HSDPA30.5.4 LTE30.5.5 EV-DO30.6 Mobile content and applications30.6.1 Mobile TV30.6.2 Mobile banking30.7 Satellite mobile31. Nigeria31.1 Market Overview31.1.1 Mobile statistics31.2 Regulatory issues31.2.1 GSM licence terms31.2.2 Interconnection31.2.3 Mobile tariffs31.2.4 International gateways31.2.5 Unified licensing regime brings new competition31.2.6 Universal service31.2.7 Mobile number portability31.2.8 Central equipment identity register31.2.9 Poor quality of service31.2.10 Registration of subscriber details31.2.11 Foreign ownership31.3 Wireless broadband31.3.1 Odu’a Telecom31.3.2 Swift Networks31.3.3 Startech Connection31.3.4 Cyberspace Network31.3.5 Nitel31.3.6 Netcom Africa31.3.7 MWEB Nigeria31.3.8 Gateway Communications31.4 WiFi31.4.1 Accelon, Internet Solutions31.4.2 Jigawa Broadband Access Network31.4.3 Polestar/5G WiFi network in Lagos31.4.4 NaijaWiFi31.4.5 Abuja WiFi, WiMAX31.4.6 Enugu31.5 WiMAX31.6 Mobile broadband31.7 Mobile data services31.7.1 SMS31.7.2 MMS31.7.3 GPRS, EDGE31.7.4 WAP31.7.5 CDMA2000 1×31.7.6 BlackBerry31.7.7 Mobile money transfer, m-banking31.8 Mobile TV31.9 3G31.9.1 Licensing31.9.2 Globacom31.9.3 Zain31.9.4 MTN31.9.5 CDMA EV-DO31.10 LTE31.11 Satellite mobile31.12 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2013; 201632. Rwanda32.1 Market Overview32.1.1 Mobile statistics32.2 EV-DO32.3 WiMAX, WiBro32.4 WiFi32.5 Mobile data services32.6 Third generation (3G)32.7 Mobile money transfer, m-banking32.8 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 201633. Senegal33.1 Market Overview33.1.1 Mobile statistics33.2 Regulatory issues33.2.1 Mobile number portability (MNP)33.2.2 Registration of customer details33.2.3 Per-second billing (PSB)33.2.4 MVNO licences33.2.5 Millicom licence dispute33.3 WiFi33.4 Mobile data services33.4.1 SMS33.4.2 MMS33.4.3 GPRS and EDGE33.4.4 EV-DO33.4.5 WAP33.4.6 BlackBerry, iPhone33.4.7 Third Generation (3G)33.5 Mobile content and applications33.5.1 Manobi33.5.2 M-payments and m-banking34. Sierra Leone34.1 Market Overview34.1.1 Mobile licensing34.1.2 Mobile statistics34.2 Mobile data services34.3 Mobile content and applications34.3.1 M-payments34.4 Satellite mobile35. Somalia35.1 Market Overview35.1.1 Mobile market36. South Africa36.1 Market Overview36.2 Mobile statistics36.3 Market liberalisation and licence obligations36.4 Community service telephones (CST)36.5 Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC)36.6 Regulatory issues36.6.1 Prices36.6.2 Interconnection36.6.3 Handset subsidies36.6.4 International gateways36.6.5 Fees and obligations for 1800MHz spectrum36.6.6 Registration of subscriber ID36.6.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)36.6.8 Quality of service (QoS)36.7 Wireless broadband36.7.1 WiFi36.7.2 WiMAX36.7.3 EV-DO36.7.4 Wireless Access Providers Association (WAPA)36.7.5 MyWireless (Sentech) – decommissioned36.7.6 iBurst (WBS, Blue Label)36.8 3G mobile broadband36.9 Broadband via satellite36.10 Mobile data services36.10.1 Overview36.10.2 Mobile data revenue36.10.3 SMS36.10.4 MMS36.10.5 WAP36.10.6 GPRS36.10.7 EDGE36.10.8 BlackBerry36.11 3G and 3.5G (HSPA)36.11.1 Mobile broadband overview36.11.2 Vodacom36.11.3 MTN36.11.4 Cell C36.11.5 Telkom SA36.12 LTE (4G)36.13 Mobile content and applications36.13.1 Push-to-Talk (PTT)36.13.2 Mobile TV36.13.3 Mobile music36.13.4 CellBook36.13.5 M-commerce36.13.6 Mobile advertising36.13.7 Location-based services (LBS)36.13.8 Manobi36.13.9 Mobile social media36.14 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013, 201637. Sudan37.1 Market Overview37.2 Mobile statistics37.3 EV-DO37.4 WiMAX37.5 Broadband via satellite37.6 Mobile data services37.6.1 SMS and MMS37.6.2 GPRS and EDGE37.7 Third generation (3G)37.8 Mobile content and applications37.8.1 Mobile money transfer37.9 Satellite mobile38. Swaziland38.1 Market Overview38.1.1 Mobile statistics38.2 Third generation (3G)39. Tanzania39.1 Market Overview39.1.1 Mobile statistics39.2 Wireless broadband39.2.1 iBurst39.2.2 EV-DO39.2.3 WiMAX39.3 Mobile data services and pricing39.3.1 Third generation (3G)39.3.2 Blackberry39.3.3 Mobile money transfer, m-banking39.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 201640. Tunisia40.1 Market Overview40.1.1 Mobile statistics40.2 WiMAX40.3 DSL by satellite40.4 Mobile data services40.4.1 SMS40.4.2 MMS40.4.3 GPRS, EDGE, WAP40.5 Third Generation (3G)40.6 Mobile TV40.7 Satellite mobile41. Uganda41.1 Market Overview41.2 Mobile statistics41.3 WiFi41.4 WiMAX41.5 Mobile data services41.5.1 SMS41.5.2 WAP, GPRS and EDGE41.5.3 MMS41.5.4 BlackBerry41.5.5 Third generation (3G)41.5.6 Mobile TV41.6 Mobile money transfer, m-banking41.6.1 Traditional bank charges and international remittances41.6.2 Regulation41.6.3 MTN Mobile Money41.6.4 ZAP (Zain)41.6.5 M-Sente (UTL)41.6.6 Other services41.7 Forecasts – mobile market 2013; 201642. Zambia42.1 Market Overview42.1.1 Mobile statistics42.2 WiMAX42.3 WiFi42.4 Mobile data services42.5 Third generation (3G)42.6 Mobile content and applications42.6.1 M-payment and m-banking42.7 Local handset manufacturing42.8 Satellite mobile42.9 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 201643. Zimbabwe43.1 Market Overview43.1.1 Mobile statistics43.1.2 WiMAX43.1.3 WiFi43.2 Mobile data services43.3 Third generation (3G)43.4 Satellite mobile44. Glossary of AbbreviationsTable 1 – Active mobile broadband penetration in selected African countries – 2009 – 2011Table 2 – Algeria Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 3 – Algeria Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 4 – Angola Unitel 3G broadband pricing – 2011Table 5 – Angola Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 6 – Benin Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 7 – Botswana Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 8 – Botswana Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – September 2010Table 9 – Burkina Faso Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 10 – Burundi Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 11 – Cameroon Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2012Table 12 – Cameroon Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – June 2011Table 13 – Cameroon Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 14 – Chad Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 15 – Cote D’Ivoire Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 16 – DRC Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 17 – Djibouti Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2012Table 18 – Egypt Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2012Table 19 – Egypt Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 20 –Eritrea Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2004 – 2012Table 21 – Ethiopia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 22 – Ethiopia Broadband pricing comparison – HSDPA, GPRS, EV-DO, ADSL – August 2012Table 23 – Ethiopia Forecast mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017Table 24 – Gabon Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 25 – Gambia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 26 – Ghana Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 27 – Ghana Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – May 2012Table 28 – Ghana Forecast mobile subscribers – 2014; 2017Table 29 – Guinea Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 30 – Kenya Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 31 – Kenya Mobile subscribers by operator and quarterly change – December 2011Table 32 – Kenya Safaricom voice/data revenue composition and annual growth – 2011Table 33 – Kenya Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 34 – Lesotho Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 – 2012Table 35 – Liberia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2001 – 2012Table 36 – Libya Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2012Table 37 – Libyana 3G/HSDPA broadband pricing – 2010 – 2012Table 38 – Madagascar Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 39 – Madagascar Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 40 – Malawi Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 41 – Malawi Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 42 – Mali Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 43 – Mali Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – June 2011Table 44 – Mauritius Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2012Table 45 – Mauritius Orange mobile data/3G broadband post-paid pricing – 2008/09, 2011, 2012Table 46 – Mauritius Emtel mobile data/3G broadband pricing – 2011Table 47 – Mauritius MTML EV-DO mobile broadband pricing – 2012Table 48 – Mauritius Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 49 – Morocco Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 50 – Morocco Mobile subscribers by operator, technology and annual change – September 2011Table 51 – Morocco 3G mobile broadband subscribers by operator and market share – September 2011Table 52 – Morocco Meditel 3G+ broadband pricing – 2009 vs 2010Table 53 – Morocco Maroc Telecom 3G broadband pricing – 2009 vs 2010Table 54 – Morocco Maroc Telecom GPRS pricing – July 2010Table 55 – Mozambique Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 – 2012Table 56 – Mozambique TDM EV-DO broadband pricing – 2012 vs. 2010Table 57 – Mozambique mCel 3G prepaid pricing – 2010-2012Table 58 – Mozambique Vodacom 3G post-paid pricing – 2010-2012Table 59 – Mozambique Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 60 – Namibia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2012Table 61 – Namibia Netman 3G mobile broadband pricing – May 2012Table 62 – Namibia Netman 4G mobile broadband pricing – May 2012Table 63 – Nigeria Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2012Table 64 – Nigeria Mobile subscribers by operator, technology – December 2011Table 65 – Nigeria Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 66 – Rwanda Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 67 – Rwanda Mobile subscribers by operator – November 2011Table 68 – Rwanda Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 69 – Senegal Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 70 – Senegal Mobile subscribers by operator, technology, annual change – June 2011Table 71 – Senegal Orange GPRS/EDGE pricing – 2009; 2010Table 72 – Senegal Expresso EV-DO mobile broadband pricing – 2009; 2010Table 73 – Sierra Leone GSM licences and operations in Sierra Leone – 1998 – 2011Table 74 – Sierra Leone Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 75 – Sierra Leone Zain mobile Internet pricing by data download – January 2010Table 76 – Somalia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2012Table 77 – South Africa Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1994 – 2012Table 78 – South Africa Telkom SA WiMAX subscribers – 2008 – 2011Table 79 – South Africa WAPA industry survey – 2006 – 2008Table 80 – South Africa Sentech MyWireless subscribers – 2005 – 2008Table 81 – South Africa iBurst subscribers – 2005 – 2011Table 82 – South Africa Vodacom broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2011Table 83 – South Africa Telkom SA mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2011Table 84 – South Africa Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 85 – Sudan Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1996 – 2012Table 86 – Sudani mDSL pricing – 2012 vs. 2010Table 87 – Sudani 3G mobile broadband pricing – July 2012Table 88 – Swaziland Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 89 – Tanzania Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Table 90 – Tanzania Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – September 2011Table 91 – Tanzania Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 92 – Tunisia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2012Table 93 – Uganda Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1996 – 2012Table 94 – Uganda Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 95 – Zambia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2012Table 96 – Zambia Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016Table 97 – Zimbabwe Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012Chart 1 – Algeria Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 2 – Benin Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 3 – Botswana Mobile subscribers in Botswana – 2002 – 2012Chart 4 – Burkina Faso Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 5 – Burundi Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 6 – Cameroon Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 7 – Chad Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 8 – Cote D’Ivoire Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 9 – DRC Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 10 – Djibouti Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 11 – Egypt Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 12 – Eritrea Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 – 2012Chart 13 – Ethiopia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 14 – Gabon Mobile subscribers in Gabon – 2002 – 2012Chart 15 – Gambia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 16 – Ghana Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999-2012Chart 17 – Guinea Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 18 – Kenya Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999-2012Chart 19 – Lesotho Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 20 – Liberia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 21 – Libya Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 22 – Madagascar Mobile subscribers in Madagascar – 2002 – 2012Chart 23 – Malawi Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 24 – Mali Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 25 – Mauritius Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 26 – Morocco Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 27 – Mozambique Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 28 – Namibia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 29 – Nigeria Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 30 – Rwanda Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 31 – Senegal Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 32 – Sierra Leone Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 33 – Somalia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 34 – South Africa Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 35 – Sudan Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 36 – Swaziland Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 37 – Tanzania Mobile subscribers in Tanzania – 2002 – 2012Chart 38 – Tunisia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 39 – Uganda Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 40 – Zambia Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Chart 41 – – Zimbabwe Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2012Exhibit 1 – An analysis of Egypt‘s third mobile licence valuationExhibit 2 – SMS as a weapon against drug counterfeitingExhibit 3 – Texting elephantsExhibit 4 – Job offers by SMS
To order this report:Broadband Industry: Africa – Mobile Broadband, Data and Mobile Media Market
Intl: +1 805-652-2626
Posted on 03 July 2012 by AfricaBusiness.com
British-Nigerian director Obi Emelonye on: his latest film Last Flight to Abuja; how he came to make Mirror Boy; living between two worlds, Britain and Nigeria; financing his films; his focus on distribution and exhibition; and his next film project Safari.
Posted on 25 June 2012 by Louis Bararmna
Les Etats membres de la Communauté Economique Des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest(CEDEAO) s’étaient engagés en 2002 à Abuja de consacrer 15% de leurs budgets nationaux au secteur de la santé, conformément aux exigences de l’Organisation Ouest Africaine de la Santé(OOAS).
Mais 10 ans après, où en est-on dans la mise en œuvre de cet engagement ?
Selon le rapport ayant sanctionné la réunion de plaidoyer tenue à Ouagadougou les 15 et 16 février 2011, la mise en œuvre de la déclaration n’est pas effective dans plusieurs Etats de la communauté à l’exception du Burkina Faso où le ratio était de 15,22% en 2008 et 15,46% en 2009.
Pour sa part, M. Albert DIAO chargé de la mobilisation des ressources et de la mise en œuvre des programmes à l’Organisation Ouest Africaine pour la Santé (OOAS), ‘’dix (10) ans après l’application de cette déclaration d’Abuja, le bilan n’est pas satisfaisant’’.
Afin de permettre donc aux pays en retard de se rattraper, un atelier dit de restitution du rapport de la réunion de Ouagadougou sur le plaidoyer s’est tenu le vendredi 15 juin 2012 à Lomé.
A la suite de cette rencontre, tous les pays concernés devraient donc pouvoir affecter 15 % de leurs budgets au secteur de la santé comme recommandé à Abuja.
Il faut souligner qu’au jour de l’atelier de Lomé, la plupart des pays avaient un taux qui tournait autour de 8 %.
Le Togo quant à lui pourrait toutefois atteindre les 15% de l’OOAS puisqu’il n’est actuellement qu’à 12%.
Posted on 22 February 2012 by The African Press Organization
NAIROBI, Kenya, February 21, 2012/African Press Organization (APO)/ — A radio journalist from Nigeria has won the United Nations Environment Programme’s Young Environmental Journalist Award (YEJA), beating over 120 entries from reporters across Africa.
Ugochi Anyaka (28) received her award at a special ceremony held during the 12th Special Session of the UNEP Governing Council / Global Ministerial Environment Forum in Nairobi, Kenya.
The winning report, entitled Saving the Trees for Paper Briquettes, was broadcast on ASO Radio in Nigeria, where Ms. Anyaka works as a journalist and presenter.
The radio feature profiled a project in a low-income suburb of Abuja that manufactures briquettes from waste paper, in order to provide an alternative fuel to traditional firewood.
The project aims to reduce the health risks associated with indoor use of wood fuel, reduce deforestation and provide a source of income for the briquette makers.
Ms. Anyaka’s report also discusses the role of the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
“This story was done to show the opportunities in a changing climate – and not just the woes,” said Ugochi Anyaka.
“It also seeks to show the conflicting view points about the Clean Development Mechanism. But ultimately, it tells the story of what some Nigerians are doing to protect their vulnerable environment and save their very existence. Winning the UNEP Young Environmental Journalist Award is the greatest moment of joy in my career. It is such an honour to be recognised in this manner,” she added.
The YEJA jury described Ms. Anyaka’s winning entry as a “well-researched report that clearly explained the essence of reducing green house gas emissions and the need for creating environmental development in Africa”.
The winner was presented with her specially-commissioned trophy by Achim Steiner, UNEP Executive Director, Joseph Murphy, US Permanent Representative to UNEP and UN-HABITAT and Patricia Okoed-Bukumunhe, the winner of last year’s Young Environmental Journalist Award
Ms. Anyaka hosts an environmental radio show “Green Angle” on ASO Radio and also works as a producer, reporter and continuity announcer with the station. She writes an environmental blog, Eco Nigeria, at www.greennigeria.wordpress.com.
She lists her main interests as sustainable development and climate change.
As part of her prize, Ms. Anyaka will take part in a professional exchange visit to the United States, following a specially-designed “green itinerary”. Last year’s YEJA winner, Patricia Okoed-Bukumunhe of Uganda, took part in a week-long placement with Voice of America in Washington DC, spent time with National Geographic magazine, the US Environmental Protection Agency and attended an environmental journalism conference in Florida.
“With less than four months to go until world governments meet at the UN Sustainable Development Conference (Rio+20) in Brazil, raising public awareness of today’s environmental challenges is perhaps more critical than ever,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner.
“The large number of entries received from journalists from Cairo to Cape Town and Dar es Salaam to Dakar for this year’s award, showed that young journalists are becoming an increasingly vital voice for telling the story of Africa’s changing environment – and showing the many solutions that are available on the continent. On behalf of UNEP, I congratulate Ugochi Anyaka on her achievement and wish her continued success in her work.”
Launched in 2010, the UNEP Young Environmental Journalist Award aims to showcase excellence in the field of environmental reporting and nurture new talent that will help to shape opinion on the environment in Africa, and beyond, in years to come. The award is made possible though funding support from the US Department of State.
This year, a total of 127 entries were received (in English and French) from television, radio, online and print journalists in 28 countries. The diverse topics covered included the economic and environmental impacts of invasive species in Lake Victoria, efforts to reduce plastic bag use in Togo and the breeding of climate change-resilient chickens in Namibia.
The winner was chosen by the YEJA jury, which brought together four experts from the worlds of journalism, development and science. They were Amie Joof, Executive Director of the Senegal-based Inter-African Network for Women, Media, Gender and Development (FAMEDEV), Diran Onifade, journalist and manager with the Nigerian Television Authority and President of the African Federation of Science Journalists, Stanis Nkdundiye, Steering Committee member of the Federation of African Journalists and Sunday Leonard, Special (Scientific) Assistant to the Chief Scientist of UNEP.
Notes to Editors
UNEP Young Environmental Journalist Award website: www.unep.org/yeja
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Posted on 13 January 2012 by AfricaBusiness.com
GENEVA, Switzerland, January 13, 2012/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is providing support for the Nigerian Red Cross to treat those injured in the recent wave of protests. The ICRC had, in 2011, stepped up its operations in the violence-prone regions of northern Nigeria and in the Niger Delta in the south of the country.
Humanitarian response to the strike
“One of our teams joined Nigerian Red Cross volunteers in Benin City in the state of Edo on 11 January to help them treat and evacuate the many people who have been injured,” said Mamadou Sow, the deputy head of the ICRC’s delegation in Nigeria. “Over 4,000 persons have also been temporarily displaced there as a result of the strike and communal tensions. Most of them have now started to return to their homes.”
The difficult situation in Benin City is one of many which arose as a result of a nationwide strike, called on 9 January by labour organizations to protest the withdrawal of fuel subsidies. In recent days, the ICRC has also provided dressing kits and other first-aid material to the Nigerian Red Cross in the states of Kano, Yobe, Borno, Gombe and Adamawa. “Moving from one place to another remains difficult, but we are stepping up our efforts to reach those areas that are most affected,” said Mr Sow.
Since the strike began, Nigerian Red Cross volunteers have provided first aid all over the country to more than 600 injured persons. Many of the most serious cases have been evacuated to nearby health-care facilities. In hospitals facing staff shortages because of the strike, notably in Kano, volunteers served as health-care workers.
Aid to victims of inter-communal violence
Recent bombings, armed confrontations between the group known as Boko Haram and security forces, and inter-communal violence have affected northern states and other parts of the country. The violence has affected civilians more than anyone else.
In late December 2011 and early January this year, the ICRC provided support for various hospitals and health-care facilities in the states of Bauchi, Borno, Plateau and Yobe, as well as in the Federal Capital Territory. Medical supplies, including dressings and much-needed infusions, were supplied in places where casualties were high.
At the end of November 2011, in Barkin Lardi in the state of Plateau, the ICRC, together with the Nigerian Red Cross, provided direct assistance to over 300 victims of inter-communal clashes. They were given food and other essential items as well as emergency health care.
The Nigerian Red Cross has a presence throughout the country and is well placed to provide rapid treatment for people injured in situations of violence.
In 2011, the ICRC made it possible for over 600 Nigerian Red Cross volunteers from eight states particularly afflicted by violence to be trained in administering first aid (the ICRC provided technical, financial and material support for this). Selected branches of the Nigerian Red Cross received radio equipment, vehicles and protective clothing. They were also supplied body bags for the proper handling of human remains. Over the course of 2011, volunteers from the Nigerian Red Cross provided first aid to over 700 persons who were injured during ethno-religious and political clashes. In addition, almost 1,900 people from 62 communities in violence-prone areas were trained in first aid.
The ICRC has also determined that surgical skills have to be improved. A seminar to that end will take place towards the end of January.
Assisting displaced people in 2011
“A number of violent incidents, such as those that took place after the presidential elections in April 2011, forced people to leave their homes temporarily,” said Mr Sow. “What displaced people need more than anything is food and water. We were able, together with the Nigerian Red Cross, to provide this rapidly.”
In 2011, in Kano, Kaduna and Bauchi, these efforts benefited over 25,000 people in flight from post-election or inter-communal violence.
Immunizing remote communities in the Niger Delta
Together with the Ministry of Health in the state of Rivers, the ICRC has been providing immunization and other forms of health care to people in remote villages on the creeks of the Niger Delta in southern Nigeria.
“These communities, which have been affected in the past by armed violence, are reachable only by boat,” said Mr Sow. “They are particularly exposed to skin diseases, malaria, respiratory infections, and waterborne diseases. Even so, they suffer from a serious shortage of health care.”
In 2011, health-care teams reached 7,000 people in 40 communities. They immunized children under the age of two and women of childbearing age. Vitamin A supplements were also provided.
Promoting humanitarian rules
Efforts to incorporate international humanitarian law (IHL) in the Nigerian armed forces continued in 2011: over 550 officers and 700 other ranks attended various seminars over the course of the year.
Dialogue with senior police officials, regarding the treatment of those arrested in connection with violence, continued. Various police units were also briefed on relevant aspects of international human rights law. A three-day course of this kind was conducted for 18 instructors belonging to the Mobile Police in Maiduguri.
The ICRC also continued to work with Nigerian authorities to implement IHL through domestic legislation. In addition, presentations and seminars on IHL were held in nine universities and attended by over 2,500 students. 12 students specializing in IHL were also assisted with their thesis work.
Humanitarian diplomacy with ECOWAS
The ICRC maintained close relations with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and regularly shared information on humanitarian issues of common interest in the greater West African region. The ICRC also participated as an observer in the Heads of State and Government summit held in Abuja in March 2011.
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)